Conservazione cellule staminali del cordone ombelicale - banca Bioscience Institute

Explicit knowledge and tacit knowledge

Knowledge Management refers to two kinds of knowledge: explicit knowledge and tacit knowledge.
Explicit knowledge, expressed in words and numbers, can be spread as data, scientific formulas, abstracts, product descriptions, handbooks, basic principles and so on.
Tacit knowledge is highly personal and deeply rooted in the individual's actions and experiences; this makes it difficult to communicate and spread it. Since it is represented by the direct expressions of empirically acquired professional abilities, it is not easy to be shared through books, pictures or hyper textual documents.
Hence the need to spread ICT systems to support Knowledge Management, specializing them according to the kind of knowledge.

(Polyani, 1975) (Takeuchi, 1998) (Nonaka and Konno, 1999)